The city of London was the birthplace of modern-day London, which has been an urban site for 2000 years and built on for all of that time.
The oldest built structures, in the district, are the surviving parts of the Roman Wall.
There are churches first constructed during the medieval period which, over the centuries have been added to, restored, rebuilt and today still function as churches.
No buildings survive from the Tudor period of history, but the most notable 17th century structure is the Monument to the Great Fire of London.
Some of the most notable, surviving 18th century buildings can be found at the Tower of London.
There are plenty of 19th century buildings including the Royal Exchange and the City of London’s first overground railway station, Fenchurch Street.
Examples of notable 20th and 21st century buildings include Richard Rogers’ Lloyd’s of London and Leadenhall buildings, Norman Foster’s 30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin), and 52 Lime Street (The Scalpel) by architects Kohn Pedersen Fox.
Click on each heading or image below for more information about the building.
Formerly the headquarters of the Port of London Authority, this is an imposing building.
For over 500 years Trinity House has looked after the safety, welfare and education of mariners.
There are twelve churches, one synagogue and two church towers in EC3.
It was the first in the City of London, opening in 1841, with the arrival of the London and Blackwall Railway.
An impressive building in an Art Deco style often seen in 1930s cinemas.
The Monument commemorates the Great Fire of London which began in September 1666.
Chinese Embassy to be on the former site of the Royal Mint, by the Tower of London.
Situated in Aldgate Square, this is the only state school in the City of London and is a primary school.
Designed by Hopkins Architects, it replaces the former Roman Wall House and Emperor House.
EC3 has some of the best-known tall buildings in the City of London such as the Gherkin, and the Scalpel.